The Great Tower in Murten, built in the 13th century, still needs detailed archaeological research in order to tell us more about its later construction phases and the development of its use.
After the inspection with Christian Kündig of the Office of Archaeology, it could be established that the Great Tower is a related building type of the "Donjon" of Bossonnens in the Canton of Fribourg. Both come from the same construction period. The last floor was probably only accessible via a ladder at the other end of the current staircase and served as a last retreat after the first and second construction phases.
The first prison cells were installed in the castle part. From when the tower was gradually used as a dungeon is not occupied. Whether the two 1540 built-in barrel vaults were already installed for this use remains open. In the large tower, one cell is installed per floor and was heated by means of a stone or metal furnace. In 1939, new additional prison cells were installed in the adjacent shed. These were closed during the reorganization of the cantonal police in February 2002.
In the cells in the Great Tower we find graffiti dated 1970. The graffiti on the fireplaces in the attic served for internal communication between the detained military detainees and their caretakers. They were not covered for the inspection of the tower in the cultural heritage year 2018, like isolated ones in the cells. Nevertheless, we ask visitors not to damage, remove or comment on these important social-historical witnesses with additional works of art.
The jackdaws, sometimes also called jackdaws, have been hatching in Murten Castle at least since the early 1930s. Since 1984, the local colony has been looked after by Roland Gander for the Sempach Ornithological Institute. Today's colony has about 20 breeding pairs. The boys are adult enough this year only from the end of June to go foraging themselves for 4-6 weeks. Partially they live in trees before they, after the "habits of its colony", in the existing Nistkästen new nest in order to provide starting from March 2019 for offspring. In order to observe the frightened animals, we ask visitors and nature lovers to slowly approach the windows and avoid loud conversations.
Numerous events will focus on our common cultural heritage throughout the country for one year. The Year of Cultural Heritage is under the patronage of Federal Councillor Alain Berset and is part of the European Year of Cultural Heritage,
launched by the EU and the Council of Europe.
From 26.06.2018 to 31.10.2018 this tower will be open to the public in the cultural heritage year 2018. In the city of Freiburg you can visit the towers and 10km of circular walls as well as defence towers in the various publicly used castles of the different districts.