History of Murten
The history of a small medieval town.
515, first mention of the existence of a defensive place called «Muratum». 1013, known as a fortress.
1159-1179 The town was founded by Duke Berchtold IV of Zaehringen as a western fortification. Duke Berchtold died in 1218. Murten was recognized as a “Free Imperial Town», by the German emperor Frederic II. 1255, Murten falls under the protection of Count Peter of Savoy. 1377, Count Amédée of Savoy confirms the privileges given earlier by Duke Berthold of Zaehringen. 1416, the last great fire: the town is destroyed and rebuilt in stone. 1475, the town proclaims its loyalty to Berne and Fribourg. 1476, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, besieges the town, but is defeated by the Swiss Army (celebration: 22nd June). From 1484 on, and for 300 years, Murten is ruled by the two states, Berne and Fribourg. 1798, the French invade the town. 1803, Napoleon gives the town of Murten to the canton of Fribourg.